Administrative Procedure 318
Consent to Medical Treatment
Students may require medical attention as a result of situations arising while the student is under the care of the Division. In those situations the procedures below shall be followed:
1. Where in the judgment of an employee it is necessary for a student to obtain the services of a medical practitioner/facility, and every reasonable attempt has been made to reach the parent(s), the employee shall:
1.1 Arrange for the transportation of the student to a physician / medical facility
1.2 Arrange for his/her or another employee's attendance with the student at the physician’s office / medical facility
1.3 Attend with the student until:
1.3.1 Relieved by parent/legal guardian; or
1.3.2 Relieved by another employee; or
1.3.3 The student is discharged by the practitioner/facility; or
1.3.4 Advised by a medical practitioner that there is no further need to remain and the safety of the student has been undertaken by the physician/medical facility
1.4 Upon arrival at the practitioner/facility, advise those in authority that he/she is not the parent/legal guardian of the student
1.5 Refrain from offering consent for medical treatment
2. On those occasions where medical treatment is refused because of lack of valid consent, the employee shall:
2.1 Defer to the opinion of the medical practitioner
2.2 Solicit advice from the medical practitioner as to appropriate courses of action
2.3 Advise the employee’s supervisor of both the problem and the advice of the medical practitioner
2.4 Take such course of action as recommended by the medical practitioner and approved by the employee’s supervisor, but in any case the employee shall not provide consent to any treatment.
In regard to Type 1 Diabetes:
- The administration of a quick acting glucose source (e.g. glucose tablets, unsweetened juice, sugared candy) or the provision of follow up snacks (e.g., digestive biscuits, crackers, cheese) is acceptable and can be dispensed by any staff in accordance with written instructions from the parent (refer to 6A). Parents should be advised when a quick acting glucose source for low blood sugar has been administered.
- When developmentally capable, students shall be allowed to test their own blood levels upon request of the parent or student. If requested, students should be allowed to conduct blood testing in the classroom or schools are to provide an environment of confidentiality that enables and enhances the student’s ability to manage their health condition.
Epipens and inhalers are to be clearly marked and separate from other prescription medication. If the student is developmentally capable, Epipens or inhalers shall be carried by the student on their person in a safe and readily available pouch that must accompany the student at all time.
The foregoing statements of policy do not apply to medication by injection on a regular basis (e.g. Diabetic condition). Most diabetics, even very young students, are capable of managing their own sugar and insulin intake. The parent should advise the community health nurse so that health education of the student and the classroom teacher may be reinforced.
Where the student is unable to self-administer the medication, it is the responsibility of the parent to make suitable arrangements for its administration by qualified medical personnel or others, excluding school staff, deemed acceptable by the parent.
Reviewed: July, 2011
Next Review by: July, 2016
School Act Section 45, 60, 61
Medical Aid Act Protection from Action Section 2
Policy 11 Delegation
AP 315 Accidents to Students
AP 317 Student Medication